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2020年上半年英语四级考试阅读理解50篇:走私分子

2020-06-17 英语阅读 阅读

新东方在线英语四级频道为备考英语四级的同学们整理了2020年上半年大学英语四级考试阅读理解50篇,希望可以为大家带来帮助。

2020年上半年大学英语四级考试阅读理解50篇(汇总)

Althoughthetopmeninsmugglingbusinessmustworktogether,mostofasyndicate'ssmallfry,especiallythemules,knowonlytheirimmediatecontacts.Ifcaughtthereislittletheycangiveaway.Amuleprobablywillnotevenknowthenameofthepersonwhogiveshimhisinstructions,norhowtogetintouchwithhim.Usuallyheevendoesnotknowthepersontowhomhehastomakedelivery.Hewillbetoldjusttosittightinacertainhotelorbaruntilsomeonecontactshim.Inthiswayifheisblown,comingthroughairportcustomshecannotunwittinglyleadagentstothenextlinkinthechain.Allthepersonsatthereceivingenddoistohangaroundtheairportamongthewaitingcrowd,andseethatthemulecomesthroughsafely.Ifhedoesnot,heisdimplywrittenoffasaloss.Tomakeidentificationofmuleseasier,severalsyndicateshavedevisedtheirown"clubties"sothatamulewearingonecanimmediatelybepickedout.

Mulesoftenreceivecarefultrainingbeforeembarkingontheirfirstjourney.OneBeirutorganization,forexample,usesaroomwiththreeairlineseatsinit.Therethetraineemulessitforhoursonendwearingweightedsmugglingvestsbeneaththeirclothes,sothattheybecomeaccustomedtostandingupafteralongflightinanaturalway,andwithoutrevealingwhattheyarecarrying.AnoutfitinBrusselsmaintainedacomfortableapartmentwherethemulescouldrelaxandgetafirmgriponthemselvesonthenightbeforetheirfirstjourney;theywerehelpedtodressbeforesettingoutfortheairportinthemorning.Moreoftenthannotacourierwillnotknowpreciselywhereheisgoingorwhatflightnumberisuntilheisactuallyhandedhisticketsattheairport.Thispreventsthecarelessboastinsomebarortoagirlfriendthenightbefore.

Mulesoccasionallyrunoffwiththegoodstokeeptheprofitthemselves.Asinsuranceagainstthis,asyndicateoftensendsahigh-uponthesameplanetokeepawaryeyeoncouriers,particularlynewones.Eventhenthingscangobadlywrong.OneinternationalcurrencysmugglerwhowashavingtroublegettingmoneyoutofBritainwasofferedhelpbyagroupofmenwhosaidtheywereinapositionto"fixthing"–forafeeofcourse.Foolishly,thesmuggleragreedtoaccepttheirhelp.WhenhegottoLondon’sHeathrowAirport,hehandedovertooneofthemenablacksuitcasecontainingnearly$90,000incash,destinedforFrankfurt.Justtokeepaneyeonthings,thesmugglerwentalongonthesameplane.WhentheylandedatFrankfurthewashandedbackhissuitcase.Hebeatastraightpathtothemen'stoilet,openedthecase,andfoundonlyoldclothes.Thecourierhadswitchedsuitcaseenroute,butthesmugglercouldhardlyruntothepoliceandcomplainthat"themanwhowassmugglingmoneyoutofEnglandformehasstolenit."

1.Whatisa“mule”?

[A]Apersonwhosendssmugglinggoodsforasyndicateiscalledmule.

[B]Apersoninchargeofsmugglinggoodsiscalledmule.

[C]Apersonwhomakesdeliveryforasyndicateiscalledmule.

[D]Apersonwhoreceivesinstructionsfromasmuggleriscalledmule.

2.Thesentence“ifheisblown”inline(6)isclosestinmeaningto

[A]ifheisarrested.

[B]ifheisrecognized,butnotnecessarilyarrested.

[C]ifheisrecognizedandarrested.

[D]ifherunsaway.

3.Whydoestheauthorgiveanexampleinthelastparagraph?

[A]Toshowhowasmuggleriscaught.

[B]Toshowasmugglerisafraidofthepolice.

[C]Toshowtokeepawaryeyeoncouriersisuseless.

[D]Toshowmulesmaykeeptheprofitforthemselves.

4.howdoesamulework?

[A]Jointly.

[B]Independently.

[C]consciously.

[D]Separately.

Vocabulary

1.fry小鱼群,小生物群。这里的smallfry是指辛迪加之子公司,小走私集团或走私者。

2.sittight稳坐不动,坚持下去,这里指一直坐等着,等到有人来和他联系。

3.blown欠账的,被炸毁的。这里指走私分子“出事”。

4.writeoff销账,被勾销的项目。这里指把出事的骡子从名单上勾掉。

5.writtenoffasaloss作为损失销账。

6.embark(on)开始搞,从事,上船。

7.grip紧握。

8.highup高处,这里指高一级走私人。

9.fixthing这里指“摆平事情”,解决问题。

10.beat踏上。

11.switch转变,调换。

难句译注

1.Inthiswayifheisblown,comingthroughairportcustomshecannotunwittinglyleadagentstothenextlinkinthechain.

【结构简析】条件句

【参考译文】这样,一旦在他通过机场检查处时出事,他不可能愚蠢地把检查事务官引到锁链的下一个环节。

2.Therethetraineemulessitforhoursonendwearingweightedsmugglingvestsbeneaththeirclothes,sothattheybecomeaccustomedtostandingupafteralongflightinanaturalway,andwithoutrevealingwhattheyarecarrying.

【结构简析】主从句。主句中分词断语wearing修饰trainee。从句中and连接两组介词短语,后有一宾语从句whattheyarecarrying。这实际上是with(without)+v-ing+object基本句型。

【参考译文】在那里,走私者衣服下穿着装有东西的厚厚的走私背心,连续几个小时坐着,所以他们在长时间飞行后,能习惯于很自然地站起来而不暴露他们身上携带的一切。

3.AnoutfitinBrusselsmaintainedacomfortableapartmentwherethemulescouldrelaxandgetafirmgriponthemselvesonthenightbeforetheirfirstjourney;theywerehelpedtodressbeforesettingoutfortheairportinthemorning.

【结构简析】句子结构复杂。Where定语从句修饰apartment,从句中and连接两个谓语动词,后面又用分毫隔开另一句分句。

【参考译文】

写作方法与文章大意

这是一篇介绍走私分子(绰号为骡子)的文章,采用一般到具体的写作手法。先从走私集团对具体走私分子实行单线,单方面联系,分配任务,以免他被逮住后出卖更多的人,危及走私集团。接货地点的人根据各集团自制的识别标志“会员联系信号带”和走私者联系。随后是具体培训走私分子,防范措施及出岔子等一般面谢佐以具体例子作说明,如:贝鲁特走私集团培训和从伦敦运送美金到法兰克福的事件。

答案详解

1.Cmule,骡子是为走私集团交货人的称呼,绰号。A.是为走私集团具体运送走私货物的人。只运送,不交货不能成为骡子。B.负责走私货物的人。也不对,负责者不一定运送和交货。D.从走私者那里接受指示的人。更不对。

2.Bblown原义为:欠账了的,被炸毁的,坏了等。这里指:走私分子在过海关,机场检查处出事,不一定被逮捕。A.逮捕。C.认出,逮捕。D.逃跑。都不符合blown原义。

3.D说明走私分子会把利益归己。最后一段第一句“有时,走私分子带着货物逃跑,把利益归己”。走私集团为防范此事,常常派遣高级人物监视走私人,特别是新走私者,也于事无补。这段的具体例子:“走私者和委托人同机飞行,到法兰克福机场,9万美金也是不翼而飞,走私者已经捞到手。”就是说明走私者可以为自己留下财路。A.走私者被捕之事,例子中没有提及。B.走私者不去警察局报案,并不易定是害怕警察局,而是报不了。C.监督毫无用处。是副线。

4.D单个干。这在第一段一开始就点明:“走私商的上层人物(头面人物)必须一起工作,而大多数辛迪加的小组织,特别是走私分子,他们只知道他们的直接联系人。一旦他们被逮捕,就没有什么可以出卖的。一个骡子甚至连给他指示的人的姓名都不知道,也不知道如何和此人联系”。A.共同干。B.独立干,走私分子不是独立,大多数是在监督之下。C.有意识地干,上下都是有意识地干。

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